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Arriving here in 1564, French Huguenots built Fort Caroline above the Saint Johns River. Just one year later the Spanish troops from Saint Augustine took exception to this and destroyed the fort. The English took over in the late 1700s but no white settlement took place until Americans arrived in 1816.
Named after Andrew Jackson, the city became an important port for cotton, fruit, and timber. During the Civil War the Union was determined to control such an important shipping port, so Jacksonville was occupied four times, with much of the city left in ruins at the end of the war.
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